Ethical issues in research

 ETHICAL ISSUES 

In addition to conceptualizing the process of writing parts of the proposal, researchers also need to anticipate ethical problems that could arise in their research (Hesse-Bieber & Leavey, 2006). To be aware of these ethical issues, researchers need to be directly involved in collecting data from or about others (Punch, 2006). As explained earlier, writing ethical issues like this is needed, especially to build arguments in research and set an important topic for the proposal format. 

Researchers must also pro-cab their participants; build trust (in) them; try to be honest in the research; prevent negligence and carelessness that can taint the good name of the organization or its institutions; and attempt to address the problems faced with a wise and prudent attitude (Isreal & Hay, 2006). 

Ethical questions today have begun to emerge, ranging from issues such as the disclosure of individual secrets, the authenticity and credibility of research reports, the role of researchers in cross-cultural contexts, to the privacy issues of internet data (Isreal & Hay, 2006).

Ethical issues in research problems.

Hesse-Biber and Leavy (2006: 86) ask the question: “How do ethical problems fit into the background of the research problem?” In the introduction to the proposal, the researcher identifies one problem or issue that is important to study and presents a rationalization for the importance of the study. In addition, the researcher also needs to identify one problem that will benefit the individuals to be studied, one problem that will be useful to others other than the researcher himself (Punch, 2005). 

The core idea of action / participatory research is: that the researcher must not marginalize or weaken the participants he studies. The problem is, it is not uncommon for the identification of research problems to further marginalize the participants studied. To prevent this from happening, the researcher must first make major projects so that the trust of the participants can be built so that the researcher can detect any marginalization that should not be done before he actually worked on the research.

Ethical issues in research objectives and problem formulation

In designing research objectives or problem formulation, researchers need to explain the purpose of the study to the participants (Sarantakos,2005). Deception often arises when participants understand one goal, but the study has another, different goal. 

To solve this problem, researchers need to determine the sponsorship of their research. For example, in designing preliminary letters for survey Research, sponsorship is an important element that can build trust and credibility of survey instruments that are distributed by researchers.

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