Understanding and types of research approaches

Types of Research Approaches

Social research such as anthropology, ethnography, and sociology and even pedagogical research, such as the management of Education (Islam), Islamic education (PAI), Islamic education curriculum and similar use naturalistic research approach (naturalistic) with inductive thinking model, i.e.

At the beginning of the special premise to the general, the answer can be generalized and quantitative research approach (positi vis) with deductive reflection, also as a search approach a mixed method of searching with a thought model that combines two search approaches to obtain a complete response (statistical and narrative). 

Joint research approaches to the conclusion if the research is conducted in the form of a story supported by digital data (statistics), or vice versa (statistics) supported by narrative arguments, statistically the answer becomes logical. 

In addition, there is still another research approach, namely research and development (R & D). 

In this study on research and development (R & D), the location of the strength is that this study is able to explore the problems arising from the current experienced events, for example why the madrassas whose funding system is not clear the source, 

But the madrassas still exist, why Indonesians adhere to religion, but corruption is rhandrance, especially why teachers teach desperately, but their learning is ineffective, etc. Skills assessment software (pedagogy, personality, professional and Social) a teacher and guidance of true prayer, and so on.

A. History and qualitative research approach 

Based on literature studies, qualitative research methods have a long and lively history of Tide in the Social Sciences, Health Sciences and Human Sciences. Some researchers state that the initial development of qualitative research began in the twentieth century, as Norman K. wrote. 

Denzin and Yvonna S. Lincoln in "seven moments of qualitative research", specifically Denzin and Lincoln in (Santana, 2010) 14 say the history of qualitative research began in the traditional phase of 1900

B. History and approach of quantitative research 

Quantitative research began in the late 19th century and dominated pedagogical research for most of the twentieth century. For a larger discussion, see (from Landseere, 1998 and to 1992). Early quantitative research ideas came from physics, such as physics and chemistry, such as subject atoms and molecules with predictable welds and axioms. Similarly, as moral motives (attitudes and behaviors) of children in school. Quantitative preliminary searches began to identify models

C. Mixed Research Approach

The mixed method is a new approach to this type of research, although others can see that this approach is not something new, as pointed out by Creswell21 "the mixed method is a new approach, but we realize that others may not consider it a recent approach. Researchers over the years have collected quantitative and qualitative data in the same study ".

D. History and approach of Research Development

History and approach of Research Research & Development Research on development (R & D) is one of the research researchers used for the development of subsequent pens.


Samsu. 2017. Research methods (theory and application of qualitative research, quantitative, Mixed Methods, and Research & Development) Jambi: Center for religious and Social Studies (PUSAKA)

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