Understand The Urgency Of Literature Review In Research

Literature Review

After identifying a topic that can and needs to be researched, the researcher can conduct a literature review on the topic. A literature review has several main objectives: to inform the reader of the results of other studies that are closely related to the research carried out at that time, to link the research with existing literature, and to fill in gaps in previous studies (Cooper, 1984; Marshall & Rossman, 2006). 

The review can also provide a framework and benchmark to emphasize the importance of the study while comparing its results with other findings. 

All or some of these reasons can be the basis for the researcher to write relevant literature into his research (see Miller, 1991 for a clearer discussion of the purposes of using literature in research).

Use Of Literature/Literature

Another issue that is also important to consider in writing a literature review is how to use the library/ literature in the research proposal. Related to this, there are many ways that can be applied. I advise you to seek the opinion of your supervisor or faculty about their wishes regarding the presentation of this literature review. 

In my opinion, the literature review should be presented clearly and be able to summarize the various literature relevant to the research problem; however, this literature review should not be too complicated and comprehensive because the faculty is very likely to ask for major changes when the research proposal is submitted. In addition, the literature review should also not be too long say a maximum of 20 pages but be able to show the reader that you really understand the literature related to the research topic. 

Another approach to writing a literature review is to create a detailed summary of the research topic and references related to this topic to be later redeveloped in a special chapter usually in Chapter Two, “literature review,” which may take 20 to 60 pages more.

Unlike dissertations and theses, literature reviews in journal articles are generally written in tangkas. The review is usually presented in a special section titled" related reading " after the introduction. This has become a common pattern for quantitative research articles in scientific journals. 

However, for qualitative research articles, the literature review may be written separately, but still in the introduction, or it may be presented intrinsically throughout the study. In short, however, this literature review is written, it is clear that this will depend a lot on the type of research to be carried out, whether quantitative, qualitative, or mixed methods.

In qualitative research, the researcher uses literature consistently based on assumptions derived from the participants, leaving no room for the researcher's personal views. Qualitative research is generally done by considering that the research should be exploratory. 

This means that the researcher should not write too much about the topic or population being studied. Instead, the researcher should try to listen to the opinion of the participants and build understanding based on what he heard.

Nevertheless, the use of literature in qualitative research can be done in a variety of ways. For theoretically oriented research, such as ethnography or critical ethnography, literature on the concept of culture or critical theory is introduced first in the report or proposal as an orientation framework. However, for grounded theory, case studies, and phenomenology research, literature is rarely used to build the stages of research as a whole.

For a qualitative approach that is based on participant opinions, there are several literature review models that you can consider. I offer three placement models, which means you can place the literature review in these three locations. 

In the first Model, the researcher included a literature review in the introduction. That is, with this position, the literature serves to explain the "theoretical" background to the research problem, such as anyone who has written about the problem, Anyone who has researched it, and anyone who has shown research efforts in that direction. 

The presentation of this theoretical background, of course, depends heavily on the available literature or studies. Researchers can look for models like this in a variety of qualitative studies that apply different types of research strategies.

The second model is to place the literature review in a separate section. This model is usually applied in quantitative research or in quantitatively oriented journals. However, in theory-oriented qualitative research such as ethnography, critical theory, and advocacy or emancipatory, the researcher may also place the literature review in a separate section.

In the third Model, the researcher included a special section, such as “related reading/literature,” at the end of the study. This placement is intended to compare and contrast the results or categories that appear in the study with the results or categories contained in the literature.


Creswell, J.W. (1999) Mixed method research: Introduction and application. In G.J. Cizek (Ed.). Handbook of educational policy (pp. 455-472). San Diego, CA: Academic Press.

Creswell, J.W. (2007). Qualitative Inquiry and Research Design: Choos¬ing among Five Approaches ( 3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Creswell, J.W. (2008). Educational Research: Ptoming, Conducting and Evaluating Quantitative and Qualitative Research (3rd ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Merrill.

Creswell, J.W. & Brown, M.L. (1992, Fall). How chairpersons enhance faculty research: A grounded theory study. The Review of Higher Education, 16(1), 41-62.

Creswell, J.W., & Miller, D. (2000). Determining validity in qualita¬tive inquiry. Theory into Practice, 39(3), 124-130.

Creswell, J. W., & Creswell, J. D. (2017). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approach. Sage publications.

Creswell, J.W. & Piano Clark, V.L. (2007). Designing and Conducting Mixed Methods Research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Berlangganan update artikel terbaru via email:

0 Response to " Understand The Urgency Of Literature Review In Research"

Post a Comment

Iklan Atas Artikel

Iklan Tengah Artikel 1

Iklan Tengah Artikel 2

Iklan Bawah Artikel