Stages Of Research Design In Health

 Research Design In Health

If the initials have been described as a research design (research design) is a general review of planning to answer research questions and anticipate some of the difficulties that can occur during the process. 

To overcome the difficulties of process research, research design can be carried out step by step. 

The research design phase can be classified as follows:

    1) determination of the problem 

At this stage, the design of the study is carried out to determine the problem to be studied, the research space, the limits of the study, the search variables, and for what reason the search performs the following arguments. Determination of the research problem is an important aspect or stage that needs to be a serious concern for a researcher. 

Indeed, the problem of determining the problem became the basis on which research was conducted. At the beginning of the search for research, a researcher often faces the difficulty of determining what and how the research is manifested, that research is if it is on the ground or not. 

In addition, difficulties often occur due to the many problems faced by a researcher. As a result, researchers should be able to identify (formulate) many problems as major problems for study. Identifying the problem as the main problem has led researchers to wonder if that factor made it appear as a problem so that in the next step, researchers can formulate their research problem.

    2) titles and variables 

Title at this stage, a researcher is faced with a variety of options, of which many problems will be used as problems. From a selection of problems, it may be possible to draw one or more problems in variable form. 

When this stage, the main question that directs the researcher in the determination of the variable is whether the variable has its theory in the literature, whether in the form of books, magazines, and procedures, etc. 

Variables are issues that will be examined by finding references in the literature. How much support from the theory the researcher finds will further strengthen these variables is worthy of research. Although in some studies, theories are found in variable form only to test/prove existing theories. Here are some examples of the determination of research problems and the use of theory in variables for research

    3) steps to define the theory 

The next step is the stage of determining the theory. At this point, before the researcher prepares a questionnaire (if the research is quantitative) or compiles observation guidelines, interviews and documentation (if the research is qualitative), he must first know and confirm the theory of those who want to use it. 

A large number of theories generally focus on a broad perspective, thus requiring researchers to consider using the theoretical perspectives of several scientists. At this point, the theory is not just about looking for operational and conceptual definitions, but no less important is reinforcing the research carried out using them, so that the search can be explained in which position.

    4) stage of determining variables (independent and dependent)

Research conducted should start from the construction of variables that are built. The construction of this is that the existing search is carried out in accordance with the problems on the ground. Determination of variables to determine which variables affect each other. In other words, where the variable acts as an independent variable and which acts as a dependent variable. 

If the variable acts as an independent variable, this variable is the "problematic point" that will be examined because it results in a problem in the dependent variable, while the dependent variable becomes a result because it seeks a solution through research.

    5) stage of determining the flow of research thinking. 

The stage of determining the flow of research thinking is generally unidirectional, but there is also a reciprocal flow of research. This paper explained one of the flows of thinking research variables is only unidirectional. In general, the variables revealed/written earlier are usually independent variables (free), while the latter are dependent variables (bound). 

The independent variable can be viewed as a source of problems to be solved through research, while the final variable is the dependent variable (bound) can be viewed as a result of problems that arise from the independent variable. 

The relationship between the independent variable and the dependent variable can be viewed as a critical point (problem) that must be solved through research. More details can be seen in the flow of research thinking as follows:

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