Recognizing Boundaries In Health Research


As mentioned earlier, research is essentially an attempt to understand and solve problems scientifically, systematically, and logically. The scientific term here means the truth of knowledge based on empirical facts, obtained from a careful and objective investigation. 

In other words, the truth of knowledge is obtained not from personal ideas or conjectures, but based on empirical facts. 

Therefore, scientific research activities require and take systematic stages, in the sense according to certain rules, and logical in the sense in accordance with reasoning.

We have realized together that our lives as social beings in the universe are inseparable from various problems. These problems are grouped in various areas of life, including education, health, social, political, economic, religious, and so on. In each area of life, it was not separated from the problems in their respective fields. 

Efforts to understand and solve these problems can be done in a simple or traditional way (non-scientific) and can be done in a complex or modern (scientific). As described in the previous chapter, the latter method is called the research method (scientific method). 

It is said by one of the experts (Hillway Tyrus) in his book Introduction to Research that research is a way to understand something through investigation or looking for evidence that appears in connection with the problem, which is done carefully so that the solution is obtained.

Health-oriented research or focus activities on problems that arise in the field of Health/Medicine and health systems. Health itself consists of two main sub-fields, namely the first, the health of individuals who are experiencing health problems or illness, as well as oriented clinical/treatment and rehabilitation, which is usually called Medicine. 

The second Sub-field, oriented to the health of a healthy group or community to stay healthy and is preventive and improvement, called Public Health (public health). This Sub-field of Public Health also consists of various components, such as Epidemiology, Health Education, Environmental Health, Public Health Administration, community nutrition, and so on. These two sub-fields of Health also each have different symptoms and problems, which require research.

Macro, health is a sub-system of the socio-cultural system that is inseparable from other sub-systems such as education, economics, politics, and so on. This is also the target of Health Research. Starting from this description, health research can be interpreted as an effort to understand the problems faced in the field of health, both curative and Rehabilitation (Medicine) and preventive and promotive (public health), as well as problems related to it; by looking for evidence that appears, and is done through certain steps that are scientific, systematic, and logical.


Notoatmodjo, S. (2010). Notoatmodjo s Health Research Methodology, editor. Jakarta: PT. Rineka Cipta.

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