Prevent Mesothelioma Cancer

Stage Mesothelioma

Based on the size and extent of spread, mesothelioma is divided into four stages. This division into stages helps the doctor to determine the development of cancer cells and the patient's life expectancy, as well as determine the appropriate method of treatment.

Here are the stages and life expectancy of mesothelioma sufferers:

Stadium 1

The Tumor is still in one area of the body and has not spread to other tissues or organs. At this stage, the patient's life expectancy is 21 months or more.

Stadium 2

Cancer cells enlarge and begin to spread to nearby areas, with a life expectancy of 19 months or less.

Stadium 3

Cancer cells have spread to nearby organs, with a life expectancy of about 16 months.

Stadium 4

Cancer cells have spread to different areas throughout the body through the bloodstream. At this stage, the life expectancy of patients is very low, which is about 12 months.

Mesothelioma Treatment

Mesothelioma is one type of malignant cancer that can not be cured. Treatment is limited to relieving symptoms and prolonging the patient's life expectancy. The method of treatment is determined based on the following factors:

  1. Age and overall state of health of the patient
  2. Type and location of the cancer
  3. The size and extent of cancer spread

Based on the above considerations, some treatment steps that can be recommended by a doctor are:

1. Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy is the administration of drugs to kill or inhibit the growth of cancer cells. This therapy can be done before surgery to shrink cancer cells to be easily removed, or after surgery to reduce the risk of cancer reappearing.

2. Radiotherapy

Radiotherapy or radiation therapy is done by firing X-rays or proton Rays on areas of the body affected by cancer. This therapy is usually done after surgery to remove any remaining cancer cells.

Radiotherapy can also be done to relieve symptoms of advanced cancer in patients who cannot undergo surgery.

3. Operation

Surgery can be performed on early-stage mesothelioma. There are several options for surgery that doctors can do, namely:

  1. Surgery to remove as many cancer cells as possible from the patient's body. This action can be supported by radiotherapy to relieve pain and inhibit cancer growth.
  2. Surgery to suck up fluid in the chest that interferes with breathing. This action may be accompanied by pleurodesis, which is the injection of drugs into the chest to prevent fluid from accumulating again.
  3. Surgery to remove tissue around the abdominal cavity, ribs, or lungs affected by cancer cells.
  4. Surgery to remove the affected part of the lung and surrounding tissue. This procedure is usually followed by radiotherapy.

4. Multimodality Therapy

This therapy is a combination of three or more treatment methods, such as surgery, postoperative chemotherapy, and radiation therapy, to increase the success rate of treatment.

To help the treatment process, the doctor will advise the patient to do the following:

  1. Breathing exercises, to control breathing when experiencing symptoms of difficulty breathing
  2. Body relaxation exercises, reduce tension in the muscles of the respiratory tract in order to be able to breathe more easily
  3. Complications Of Mesothelioma
  4. Mesothelioma that has enlarged or spread can press on surrounding organs or tissues. This can lead to various complications.

In pleural mesothelioma, complications that can occur include:

  1. Difficulty breathing
  2. Chest pain
  3. Difficulty swallowing
  4. Pain from pressure on the nerves and spinal cord
  5. Pleural effusion

While complications due to peritoneal mesothelioma are intestinal obstruction, which can be characterized by nausea, vomiting, constipation, and loss of appetite or feeling full quickly.

Mesothelioma Prevention

The main way to prevent mesothelioma is to avoid contact with anything that contains asbestos. If you work in an environment that is at high risk of exposure to asbestos, then follow the safety regulations set by the company, for example:

  1. Using personal protective equipment while in a work area that is susceptible to asbestos exposure
  2. Dispose of residual asbestos material in a safe place and do not harm the surrounding environment
  3. Not bringing home clothes and shoes used during work

In addition, there are several other things that can be done to reduce the risk of mesothelioma, namely:

  1. Perform periodic health checks to detect symptoms or signs of illness associated with asbestos exposure
  2. Stop smoking, because cigarettes can increase the risk of developing various types of cancer, including mesothelioma
  3. Following instructions on how to handle asbestos safely

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