Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

OCD sufferers


Obsessions and compulsions in children are not always obvious to the Observer. Young children are more open about their urges, but children and teens tend to cover up the symptoms. Visible or not, OCD symptoms are severe in students. 

Stress manages symptoms that can lead to other behavioral problems. Sometimes students are able to control their urges at school but not at home. Parents ' reports of OCD symptoms should be taken seriously even if students do not exhibit the same behavior at school.

It is estimated that one in 200 students may be diagnosed with OCD at any one time. This may underestimate the OCD prevalence rate because students are often secretive about their symptoms and family members and professionals often do not understand that disruptive behavior displayed by students may be a result of OCD (March & Mulle, 1998). 

The DSM-P/-TR (APA, 2000) sets the lifetime prevalence rate of OCD in children at 1-3% and notes that the prevalence rate of OCD in students is consistent across cultures. Students diagnosed with OCD may also have other diagnosed disorders including ADHD, 

Tourette's disorder, growth disabilities, nonverbal learning disabilities, anxiety disorders, and depressive disorders (Adams & Torchia, 1998), approximately 10% to 30% of students diagnosed with ADHD and 40-60% of children diagnosed with Tourette's disorder are also eligible for an OCD diagnosis (Comings, as cited in Dombush & Pruitt, 1995). 

Men and women are diagnosed with OCD in equal numbers. However, OCD tends to occur at an earlier age in boys than in girls. The average age of onset for males is between the ages of 6 and 15 and the average age of onset for females is between the ages of 20-29 (APA, 2000). 

Clinically, OCD is the same for boys and girls. There are some indications that there is an increased likelihood that boys have family members of boys with OCD and appear to have higher rates of tics disorders than girls (Thomsen, 1998). 

In addition, people with avoidant personality disorder are very sensitive to the opinions of others, because they avoid social relationships. Signs of fixation when doing something exactly or correctly according to the obsession-compulsion sufferer.

References

Efford, T.2004. Professional School Counseling: a Handbook of Theories, Programs, and Practices, Texas: CAPS Press.
Mark Durand, 2007. Intisari Psikologi Abnormal, Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

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