How To Determine The Research Topic?


Before considering what literature will be reviewed in the study, first identify one topic to be studied, then consider whether the topic is of practical use or not. A topic is a subject or subject matter of research, such as "school teaching," "organizational creativity," or "psychological distress."Make an abstraction on the topic in several paragraphs. It is this topic that will later become the main idea that the researcher must study and explore.

In this case, there are several ways to gain an understanding of the research topic (assuming that this topic should be chosen by the researcher himself and not by the supervisor). One of them is to write a clear title in the research proposal. 

I was surprised to encounter many researchers who often failed to design the initial title for their research project. 

In my opinion, a good, well-planned title will be the main avenue for entry into research-this is the real idea that the researcher must have in order to stay focused on his research project (see Glesne & Peshkin, 1992). 

When I conduct research, the topic will guide me and give me instructions on what I should research, as well as instructions that I will use to convey my research ideas to others. When students first give me their research prospectus, I often ask them to design a good title before writing the research.

How to write a good headline? Try completing this sentence “ " My research will cover... The answer could be “my research will address delinquent students in high school, " or " my research will address how to facilitate students becoming competent researchers.” At this stage, make a framework of answers to the question so that others easily capture the purpose/purpose of your research project. 

A common mistake of novice researchers is that they often frame their research with complex and complex language. This error may be due to too often reading scientific articles that have undergone revision many times before being published. But apart from that, a good research project is usually based on thoughts that are clear and uncomplicated, and easy to read and understand. 

Try to reflect on the articles you read recently. If the article is easy to read and understand, it is ensured that this article is written in simple vang language so that you (the reader) can easily understand it, in addition to the conceptualization and overall design of the article which is indeed written in a straightforward and simple form.

Wilkinson (1991) once gave good advice in making the title: make it as clear as possible and avoid excessive statements. Eliminate unimportant words, such as “an approach..., ""A Study..., "and so on. Use single or multiple titles. 

An example of a double title could be something like "Ethnography: understanding children's perceptions of War."In addition to Wilkinson's suggestions above, try to make the title no longer than 12 words, eliminate redundant articles and prepositions, and make sure that the title already covers the main topic of the study.

Another strategy for developing a topic is to write it down in the form of questions. What kind of questions should be answered in the study? Make questions, such as “what is the most dangerous threat to people with depression?"What does it mean to be an Arab in American society today?” 

What factors make people want to visit the Midwest?” When designing questions like the ones above, focus on the core topic of your research. Think about whether or not the question will be answered in your research (see Chapters 6 and 7 on objectives, problem formulation, and research hypotheses).

Consider the main reasons why the research topic really can and needs to be researched. A topic can be investigated if the researcher has a target participant who is willing to assist him in conducting research and has adequate devices for collecting and analyzing data within a specified period of time, such as computer programs or other devices.

In addition to the possibility of a topic that can be researched, researchers also need to consider whether the topic really needs to be researched. The problem is, that determining a topic worth researching is not an easy job. There are many factors behind this possibility. 

At the very least, the most important thing to consider is whether the topic is simply adding to existing knowledge, simply duplicating previous research, actually trying to voice the rights of marginalized groups or individuals, helping social justice, or just trying to transform the ideas of previous researchers.

To solve the problem, the first step that needs to be done is to use as much time as possible in the library to read a variety of literature on the topic to be studied (about effective strategies to use the library and library resources can be read in the next chapter). This step should be a major consideration. Novice researchers may have gone a long way in research, such as designing problem formulations, complementing research data, and conducting statistical analysis. 

However, it is not impossible that they are less supported by the faculty or seminar planners because their research does not provide anything new. Ask yourself, " How does this project of mine have a contribution to literature?"Also consider whether your research project will address a topic that has not been studied, will expand the discussion of previous literature/research to include new elements, or will duplicate previous research, but with new participants and in different situations.

Regarding whether the topic really needs to be researched or not, it is also essentially related to whether there are other people outside the research institution who will be interested in the topic. If there is a choice between a topic related to regional interests and a topic related to national interests, I would choose the latter option because the topic has greater appeal to the general reader. 

Journal editors, the University, the seminar Committee, and funding agencies, will all appreciate the research that can reach the general reader. Finally, this issue of feasibility—whether a topic is worth researching or not—also relates to the researcher's own ideals. Consider the time that must be spent to complete your project, revise it, and disseminate the results of your research. 

Researchers should reflect on how much research and commitment will one day support their career goals, whether these goals relate to their dedication to doing a lot of research, gaining a position in the future, or moving up the ranks.

Before making a proposal or conducting research, researchers should consider the above factors and ask others to give a critical response on the topic of their research. Ask for responses from friends, people competent in the field, academic counselors, and faculty administrators.


Creswell, J.W. (1999) Mixed method research: Introduction and application. In G.J. Cizek (Ed.). Handbook of educational policy (pp. 455-472). San Diego, CA: Academic Press.

Creswell, J.W. (2007). Qualitative Inquiry and Research Design: Choos¬ing among Five Approaches ( 3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Creswell, J.W. (2008). Educational Research: Ptoming, Conducting and Evaluating Quantitative and Qualitative Research (3rd ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Merrill.

Creswell, J.W. & Brown, M.L. (1992, Fall). How chairpersons enhance faculty research: A grounded theory study. The Review of Higher Education, 16(1), 41-62.

Creswell, J.W., & Miller, D. (2000). Determining validity in qualita¬tive inquiry. Theory into Practice, 39(3), 124-130.

Creswell, J. W., & Creswell, J. D. (2017). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approach. Sage publications.

Creswell, J.W. & Piano Clark, V.L. (2007). Designing and Conducting Mixed Methods Research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

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