Body Image is a person's attitude towards his body consciously and unconsciously

Body Image

Body Image is a person's attitude towards his body consciously and unconsciously. This attitude includes perceptions and feelings about current and past body size, shape, function, appearance, and potential which are continuously modified by each individual's new experiences (Stuart and Sundeen, 1991).

There are 4 aspects to body image (Jarry. 2013):

  • Body image satisfaction, which means whether or not a person is satisfied with their body image and physical appearance.
  • Body image investment is how much a person attaches importance to his physical appearance as a measure of how valuable he is (self-worth).
  • Body image behavior, namely actions that are directly related to physical appearance such as dressing up or hiding body parts from others.
  • Body image perception is how accurately a person estimates his body.

In addition to body image, there are other motivating factors for adolescent girls to do this,

1. Genetics.

Several studies have shown a possible link between genetic factors and the occurrence of eating disorders. Anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa can run in the same family.

First-degree relatives of young women who suffer from anorexia nervosa are ten times more likely than average to suffer from the disorder (eg Strober et al., 2000 in Davison., 2010).

2. Age

At the beginning of the adolescent phase, there is a change in body shape so that young women who feel pressured by the need to grow older sometimes use anorexia to keep their bodies small. (Tiemyer, 2007 in Aini, 2009).

3. Gender

In 1990 it increased to 29% in men and 44% in women (Serdula et al., 1999 Davison et al., 2010). Based on these results, information is obtained that eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa are more common in women than in men.

Eating disorders are more common in women, around 90% of which are experienced by women and it is reported that women are 3 times more likely to have eating disorders than men (ANRED, 2005).

4. Family influence

Research conducted by Minuchin (1978) in Krummel and Penny (1996) explains that there are several typical characteristics of families with anorexia nervosa. These characteristics include being overprotective, rigid, too restrictive, not trying to resolve family conflicts and having a family atmosphere that allows little privacy. This pattern will result in a hierarchical imbalance and an obstacle to the family unit.

5. Peers

According to Krummel and Penny (1996) in Nur Najmi (2013), peers can also put a lot of pressure on young women with their standards because if they do, they will be ostracized, ridiculed, and talked about. Peers can also have a negative influence, such as making efforts to lose weight and eating wrong habits and the emergence of competition as well as pressure to be the thinnest and smallest (Davis, 1999 in Hapsari, 2009). Field et al., (2001) in Hapsari (2009) explained that peer pressure to control weight can increase the risk of eating disorders in adolescents.

When connected with Person In Environment, of course, this perspective can be studied. The thing that strengthens is where the behavior of Eating Disorder (Anorexia Nervosa) experienced by individuals, especially adolescent girls is a good influenced by perceptions or views on body image. In addition, this is supported by the presence of a stimulus from the environment that encourages individuals to suffer from Anorexia Nervosa.

This will have a negative impact if it is done continuously, but if this has happened to the individual then one way to recover from anorexia nervosa on body image is to do psychotherapy.

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