Procedure of Quantitative and Qualitative Research

Quantitative and Qualitative Research

In the Study According to Chua, there are different traditions of inquiry that guide the researcher in the direction to resolve issues and problems in research. Kaedah-kaedah such are the manners of the positivist, the creation of interpretative criticism critical (critical).

    a) Kaedah Positivist

Kaedah positivists emphasize the accuracy of the evidence of the investigation with the use of numerical analysis. Experimental research and review is in between the chapters are widely used in flow positivist. Researchers positivist conduct research to understand the pattern of human activity and make the forecast through the creation recognize, measure and certify the relationship between the variables in the phenomenon under study with a precise estimate.

Through the hypothesis is built, researchers tested these relationships with a select group of subjects (a sample) randomly from the population. The decision of the studies obtained from the sample kajianseterusnya be generalized to all subjects in the population.

b) Creation of Interpretative

Kaedah interpretive outlines a phenomenon by using the descriptive data in the verbal. He emphasizes the analysis of verbal rather than numerical analysis. Among the research that is often used is field research (field research) that uses observation and interviews as data collection techniques research.

Research-research is usually outlines the traits of a small number of study subjects thoroughly and in depth. For example, researchers did a study of a small number of students of the city who gained national test results are fantastic. In this case, the researchers attach great importance to the quality of the data it collects. Research traditions of interpretive is impartial to qualitative research.

c) Kaedah Critical

Kaedah critical used by certain researchers to improve the state of social and humanitarian them. This research was conducted to understand the relationships between groups in society and how social change is realized. Therefore, the researchers used historical sources and secondary data in research comparison. The results of the research in this study is said to be valid if it can be applied to improve the state of social. Research kaedah critical is impartial to quantitative research. The third criticism above is the principle in qualitative and quantitative research.

Characteristics of Quantitative and Qualitative Research

Research typically categorized to qualitative research and quantitative research. There is also research that combines both, which is usually called mixed methods research or blending research3 . Two categories of qualitative and quantitative research is generally different in terms of the creation and the research techniques used, different in terms of purpose, concept, design, sample, how data obtained, data analysis and instrumentation.

C. Research Procedure

Regardless of whether it is qualitative research, quantitative, mixed methods research, or research and development (R & D) research is an effort and a scientific discipline that systematically conducted to give an answer to the problem or issue. Therefore, according to Chua4 , before a study was conducted, the research problem should be clearly stated and appropriate, so that the design of the study is designed based on the research problem and the research done to give the right answer to the problem of the research.

a) the Research Problem

The research problem is the core issue in the research. By knowing the problem in research, means a researcher to understand the research problem undertaken. For researchers who do not understand the research problem, it will be difficult to identify and answer the problems that exist. The real problem is the gap between theory and practice.

In other words, the ideal theory says/reveal something exciting to happen, but the reality on the ground is not so. The positions of the problems here can be regarded as a problem in research, is when in practice it is something that is found is not running in the ideal (not according to the theory put forward by experts (in journals, books, proceedings, and others) with practices found in the field/location).

b) the Purpose of the Study

According to Chua , the study was conducted to provide answers to the “uncertainty”. Researchers running research because there definitely will be a thing or a phenomenon that has been, is being or is not yet valid. Researchers can't be sure of the uncertainty is only based on the views of him to refer to knowledge or experience that he went through, because the view and knowledge may be affected by decay subjectively.

Descriptions are subjective this may arise from the beliefs, culture, traditions, stereotif, incorrect responses and the influence of parties in power. According To Conny R. Semiawan7 the main purpose of qualitative research is to capture the meaning (meaning/understanding) which is the deepest (verstehen) of an event, symptoms, facts, reality, or a specific problem and not to learn or prove the existence of a causal relationship or correlation of an issue or event.


Chua, Y. P. 2006. Divorce and statistics education: Traditions of inquiry. Book 1. Kuala Lumpur: McGraw-Hill Education.

John W. Creswell and Vicki L. Plano Clark, Designing and Conducting Mixed Methods Research, California: Sage Publications, Inc., 2007.

JR. Raco, and Conny R. Semiawan (Introduction). 2010. Qualitative Research Methods. Cikarang (Jakarta): Grasindo.

R. Murray Thomas, Blending Qualitative & Quantitative Research Methods in Theses and Dissertations, California: Corwin Press, Inc., 2003.

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