Definition and Types of Research Approach

1. Research Approach

Social research such as anthropology, ethnography, and sociology and even the study of pedagogical, such as the management of education (Islam), Islamic education (PAI), the curriculum of Islamic education, and similar using the research approach of naturalistic (naturalistic) with the model of thinking inductive, I.e. at the beginning of the premise of the special to the General.

The answer can be generalized and quantitative research approaches (yo vis) with the scheme of reflection deductive, i.e., the waiver of the general premise, in particular, the answer cannot be generalized, also As search approach mixed-methods seek to model the thought of combining the two approaches search to get a response complete (statistical and narrative). 

The research approach together at the conclusion of the research is conducted in the form of a story supported by digital data (statistics), or vice versa (statistics) which is supported by the argument narrative, statistically answers that would be logical. In addition, there is still the approach of the research, namely research and development (R & D). 

In this study about the research and development (R & D), the location of its strength is that this study is able to explore the problems arising from the events experienced at this time, for example why the Madrasa system of funding does not clear the source, but the Madrasah is still there, why Indonesian people adhere to a religion, but corruption is a hindrance, especially why teachers teaching with despair, but their learning is not effective, etc. Software skills assessment (pedagogy, personality, professional and social), a teacher and guidance of true prayer, and so on.

    A. The history and Approach of qualitative research 

Based on the literature study, qualitative research methods have a long history and life of the pairs in the social sciences, health sciences, and the sciences of man. Some researchers stated that the early development of qualitative research began in the twentieth century, as written by Norman K. Denzin and Yvonna S. Lincoln in "the seven moments of qualitative research", in particular, Denzin and Lincoln (Santana, 2010) 14 tells the History of qualitative research begins on the phases of the traditional 1900

    B. History and quantitative research Approaches 

Quantitative research begins at the end of the 19th century and the study of pedagogical dominated for most of the twentieth century. For a discussion of the larger, see (from Landseere, 1998 and until 1992). Ideas quantitative research beginning comes from physics, such as physics and chemistry, such as atoms and molecules of the subject with the las and the axiom that can be predicted. Similarly, as the moral motive (attitude and behavior) of children in schools. Search the beginning of the quantitative begin to identify the model

    C. Approach A Mixed Research

Mixed methods is a new approach to this type of research, though the others can see that this approach is not something new, as shown by Creswell21 "mixed Method is a new approach, But we realize that other people may not think of it as an approach recently. Researchers over the years have collected quantitative and qualitative data in the same study ".

    D. History and Approaches Research Development

History and Approaches Research Research & Development research on development (R & D) is one of the researchers of the research used for the development of a pen next.


Samsu. 2017. Research methods (Theory and Research Application of Qualitative, Quantitative, Mixed Methods, as well as Research & Development) Edinburgh: Centre for the Study of Religion and Society (HERITAGE)

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