Benefits of research theory in a variety of research

Theory into something important. A researcher support of research questions based on theory. Are the issues raised in the research which is retained by the theory or not. How many theories that talk about the problem. If in this research, a researcher raised the issue to study, and researchers have found support theoretical, then this theory will guide the researchers to explore the problems of the field based on the guidelines that are measurable, for example through the instrument. Often referred to as the data collection instrument (IPD). 

At least, the benefits of the theory in this research is to explain and predict phenomena that occur in the field or to predict the scheme of the observed and predicted the possibility of a relationship. With the theory constructed by a researcher, it is possible to measure the problem on the ground-based on the theory that is constructed by experts based on the theory. In other words, the gap between the theory is built by experts with the realities on the ground leads to the birth of the problem to be studied.

A. The division of theory theory 

Can be divided into several types of research theory, namely the meta-theory (metatheorie), the theory of the big theory, the theory of the average range (the theory of span of the average), the theory of small and theory experts. If illustrated, the position of the type theory are as follows:

    1) Meta-theory 

Is the theory which is used to dig critically on the framework of theoretical research carried out to provide a guide for researchers and research conducted, as well as the theory that arise from a search in several areas of study. For researchers Muslim, it is usually a meta-theory that the theory of the main (large) derived from the qur'an and al-Hadith. As a theory of meta, Al-qur'an and al-Hadith is the basis of justification to explain concepts that are built in a study.

    2) Grand Theory

Is a great theory born from the experts who have great reputation for research / scientific writing. This theory will be a theory that great (the theory is great) because this theory has sparked a major event in the field of research / writing, for example in the theory of education in education by Benjamin S. Bloom, the theory of education as torture by Paulo Freire, the theory of this land round by Galileo Galilei, relativity theoretical Albert Einstein, the theory of the revolution of Charles Darwin are shocked to say that man is derived from the AVES and the main theory of the other.

    3) Middle Theory

Generally understood as a theory that was born by experts to describe / criticize the theory of large (theory) that is constructed by experts. In the theory of the middle class, open to wider opportunities to criticize the theory is built by a number of thinkers in the theory of large. Some favorable and some unfavorable. 

Support the parties generally called the pupil, while those who did not support the birth of a generally provide a new theory as antigasi theory that was built previously, so that the mind often becomes a grandmother. Examples of medium distance, this theory is a notification of experts on the use of one theory of kingdom education by Benjamin S. Bloom in education which states that the field of education consists of three, namely cognitive, compassion and Sphere psychomotor.

    4) Small theory

Is the theory which is used by experts to explain the theory of the theory of span of the average. The theory of small general detailing some of the theory of small built. For example, explain the theory of emotional, students must be personal or moral. In the perspective of the experts about the theory of this little (little theory), it's the detailing that many factors influence why students have character / moral / not good. Experts detail some of the factors that influence it, for example the ideology which is adopted by a nation in which the student was, the moral character / children Indonesia is different from morality / character of America, etc.

    5) Expert theory

Is the theory that is often used by researchers to explain something from the point of view of the experts themselves. In general, reviews of experts is written in the journal, newsletter, seminars, scientific books, and so on. The opinion of the expert or experts on is a personal opinion based on experience, knowledge, and research. However, the level of truth depends on the level of freedom of the theory derived from the experience, knowledge and research that has been done.

In the research if the research has been realized, the theory was revealed in the form of meta-theory, theoretical large, the theory of the average of the beach, from the theory of the expert or of the theory of the experts will be the basis of research. The determination of concepts, variables or research problem should be supported by the existing theory. 

So the research is directed, which theory should be ready to be used as a basis in theory. For example, if we want to talk about the gifts, must be known in advance that talk about these gifts, what is their point of view and if the experts / expert is the same. Need to categorize the appearance of these experts so that theory that has been built can be understood in what position and explain what

From there, it can be seen that the role of theory in the theoretical framework of this study is to describe the width / availability internal studied by the researchers, so the angle of view of the researchers in conducting the search to be wide. If at this point, the researchers did not experience any difficulties in using the existing theory, the theory that there must then be debated theoretically, we show that the theory used. If the theory used is considered sufficient / complete, the next step should be told in the setting of the actual search. For more detail, the process of using theory and the preparation of a theoretical framework can be seen in the following flow:

References:

Samsu. 2017. Research methods (Theory and Research Application of Qualitative, Quantitative, Mixed Methods, as well as Research & Development) Edinburgh: Centre for the Study of Religion and Society (HERITAGE)

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